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How Far Can an Electric Car Go on a Single Charge?

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The driving range of Electric Vehicles (EVs) is the most controversial barrier limiting U.S. citizens from adopting this technology. The good news is that it has already been proven that range anxiety is an irrational fear and EVs can entirely be adopted to drive short and long distances.

Properly answering the question of how far can an electric car go on one charge, can do wonders for range anxiety. This is why in this article we answer the question, explaining the main and secondary factors that affect driving range, we also answer some of the most frequently asked questions on the subject, and an additional interesting section for you.

How Many Miles Can an Electric Car Go on a Full Charge?

If you are looking to answer more accurately the question of how far does an electric car go on one charge, you could consider additional factors that increase energy consumption. These include the following:

  1. Driving efficiency: The driving efficiency is almost unique for every EV model. This factor determines the conversion efficiency at which the EV demands electric power to drive from one place to another, it can be presented in kWh/miles or miles/kWh.
  2. Battery capacity: The battery capacity for an EV works like the gas tank, the bigger the battery the longer the distance. This can be used alongside the driving efficiency to estimate the driving range. The battery capacity is presented in kilowatt-hours (kWh).

To make it easier to understand, let us estimate the driving range for the Tesla Model Y SUV, one of the most popular EVs in the U.S. market. The 2022 Tesla Model Y Performance AWD is equipped with a 75kWh battery and a driving efficiency of 30 kWh/100 mi, this metric can also be presented as 3.33 mi/kWh, this is how far can an electric car go on one kWh. With these specs, we can estimate that the Tesla Model Y features a driving range of 250 miles on a single charge. If you want to determine how many miles can your specific electric car go on a single full charge, you just need to verify the battery capacity of the EV and divide this by the driving efficiency in kWh/miles.

What Other Factors Affect The Driving Range For EVs?

If you are looking to answer more accurately the question of how far does an electric car go on one charge, you could consider additional factors that increase energy consumption. These include the following:

Driving Speed

The driving speed can impact the driving range. If you want to estimate how far will an electric car go on one charge, you should know that the faster you go, the more energy you consume per mile. It is important to note that speed, is not the only variable increasing the power consumption of the battery, rapidly accelerating an EV will increase the energy consumption of the battery, regardless of the speed.

Temperature

Temperature can also impact the performance of EV batteries. An EV battery works perfectly in a temperature range of 77ºF up to 104ºF, driving at lower or higher ambient temperatures affects how the battery discharges. EV battery performance is heavily affected at below 65ºF temperatures, but the real damage is caused by heat, using EV batteries above 122ºF can heavily impact the lifespan of the battery.

Electrical-Powered Features

Another important factor affecting how far can an electric car drive on one charge is the usage of electrically powered features installed in the EV. This includes the music player and other electronics powered by the battery, but the real battery drainage is caused by the Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning (HVAC) system.

The Most Frequent Questions and Answers

Just like many EV enthusiasts wonder how far will an electric car go on one charge, there are many other frequently asked questions on the subject. In this section, we aim to answer some of them.

1. Should You Drive An Electric Car To Empty?

Driving an EV to empty is never a good idea if you want to extend the lifespan of your battery. Some researchers recommend driving an EV to 10% of the State of Charge (SOC) as a minimum, however most specialists agree that the best is to keep the battery percentage below 20%.

2. How Do You Know What Range To Look For In An EV?

Something you should consider if you are wondering how far can electric cars travel on one charge is to match your driving habits to the driving range of your future EV. In most cases, estimating a few days to a week of driving range on a single charge is enough to cover your daily routine.

3. How Far Can An Electric Car Go?

To estimate how far can an electric vehicle go on one charge you should consider the driving efficiency and the battery size of the EV. This is a good but rough estimate since there are other factors (speed, temperature, acceleration, consumption of electronics, etc.) that will affect the driving range, although their impact is harder to estimate.

4. How Far Do Electric Cars Go On Average?

According to the EPA efficiency standard, the median driving range is estimated above 250 miles, which means most EVs deliver this driving range or a fairly close distance. This does not limit the maximum driving range offered by EV manufacturers, since some EVs feature driving ranges of 400 – 500 miles.

The 5 Electric Cars That Go The Farthest On A Single Charge?

Up to this point, you know most EVs can deliver around 250 miles for their driving range, but there are a few luxury options that can go a little further. In this section we present the 5 EVs that can deliver the longest electric car distance on one charge:

Nick Zamanov
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Nick Zamanov is a head of sales and business development at Cyber Switching. He is an expert in EV infrastructure space and he is an EV enthusiast since 2012, Since then Nick strongly believed that electric vehicles would eventually replace Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) cars.

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